Snow and Solar Energy

Posted by in News, on March 8, 2017

With the unusual snow fall here on BC’s south coast we have been getting a few questions about how snow fall will affect the performance of solar energy systems.

If a photovoltaic panel is completely covered in thick snow it will stop producing power.  However, there are few important things to keep in mind about snow on solar panels:

  • the solar panels have a smooth surface that snow easily slides off of – especially if they are at an angle
  • if there is thin layer of snow some light gets through and the photovoltaic modules can start producing power
  • once the panel starts producing power it also generates some heat which helps melt the snow faster
  • once the panels are clear the albedo affect of surrounding snow covered surface will actually increase solar production

A study done in Ontario (where snowfall is much greater) found that snow had less than a 7% affect on solar production annually.

The graphs below show production in December and February from one of the systems we installed in Metro Vancouver.  Even though these were the months were we received significant snow fall there were only a couple of days where the production was completely shutdown.

At this site the production in December averaged 51 kWh from 2013-2015.  In December 2016 the system produced 61 kWh.  So it was above average even in a month with significant snow.

Removing snow from roof mounted solar arrays is not always easy.  There are automatic snow removal system for PV panels (that use heat).  But data suggests it might not be worth the extra cost and energy – especially in our climate.

 

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